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Homo Erectian

March 8, 2017

I came across some research notes today concerning a language spoken by a certain tribe of Homo Erectus in northern Germany roughly 5 hundred thousand years ago.

Phonology

Vowels: /a/, /o/, /u/
Consonants: /b/, /d/, /g/, /β/, /ʒ/, /h/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/
I transcribe /β/ as “v”, /ʒ/ as “zh”, and /ŋ/ as “ng”
Syllable structure appears to be (C)V(C) with a tendency for word-medial clusters to contain a nasal.

Syntax

Word order was VSO. Verb phrases were verb-auxilliary-adverb. Noun phrases were number-noun-adjective-prepositional phrases.

Lexicon

Auxiliary Verbs

banana – question
dab – imperative
muvungab – attempt, try to ___

Prepositions

ngo – about, concerning
zham – in, at
zhou – of, from

Conjunctions

ag – and

Numbers

na – na – 1
da – da – 2
zhu – zhu – 3
go – go – 4
hazh – hazh – 5 (also means “hand”)
hazhg’na – hazh ag na – 6
hazhg’da – hazh ag da – 7
hazhu – hazh ag zhu – 8
hazhgo – hazh ag go – 9
dazh – da hazh – 10
dazhg’na – da hazh ag na – 11
dazhg’da – da hazh ag da – 12
dazhu – da hazh ag zhu – 13
dazhgo – da hazh ag go – 14
zhuhazh – zhu hazh – 15
zhuhazhg’na – zhu hazh ag na – 16
zhuhazhg’da – zhu hazh ag da – 17
zhuhazhu – zhu hazh ag zhu – 18
zhuhazhgo – zhu hazh ag go – 19
gohazh – go hazh – 20
gohazhg’na – go hazh ag na – 21
gohazhg’da – go hazh ag da – 22
gohazhu – go hazh ag zhu – 23
gohazhgo – go hazh ag go – 24
hazhazh – hazh hazh – 25

Transitive Verbs

ahumvub – greet
amagono – thank
amhazhmu – remember
avbazh – fill
avong – wait for
ba – go to
bahohu – tell
bozhu – happen
bunuv – surround
duazha – kill
gahu – grab
gazh – hit
goada – spear
guado – throw
gumnam – climb
hoho – hear
mam – punch
mav – keep
mobodom – finish
mumbuzha – smell
nomzhad – bite
nu – is same the same as
nuam – gather
obman – hold
odma – watch
ongmav – be underneath
ud – see
udnagazh – join
vo – is
vodovum – send
zhoha – have
zhozhuzhov – darken

Intransitive Verbs

abnomo – be silent
bavmav – sit
bazha – hide
buabo – return
dauno – sing
doazhan – jump
doazhugo – fly
duvma – stand
goug – drink
hangun – nap
gav – run
mododuv – leave
momavab – rumble
navgo – awake
vamuzhgan – settle down
vumgov – yell

Nouns

amngab – grass
bababob – vicinity, area around
baguv – reason for doing something
bam – hurt, pain
bonzhun – event
buda – stream
bumo – snow
bumo-vadan – snowmelt
davungo – hunting-party
doahbuodma – blood
doda – herd, indicate plurals with “doda zhou” (herd of)
dog – the past
gaga – rock
gagudo – stone-throw
goada – spear
gumnam-nobo – climbing-tree, tree that is good for climbing
hamnahu – clearing
hazh – hand
hogu – edge
homu – camp
mambubu – situation
monamba – head
mudumo – midday
mumbo – nose
nobo – tree
nomgado – tongue
nomnohu – piece of meat
nomnom – piece of food
nomvu – mouth
ombod – the period of time following something
onuam – sister
sua – side
uduzh – person
uvgom – eye
vodom – water
vonaod – leaf
vum – day (sunrise to sunset)
vumva – fire
vunuab – early-riser
vuzhadan – sparrow
vuzhma – cook
vuzhun – vision
zhog – stomach
zhovoda – auroch
zhub – bird

Adjectives

amugom – large
anab – complete
bauo – other
buvu – cold
duaha – dead
govo – loud
guo – more
ngada – happy
ngavu – strong
umonub – white
vonuv – green
vova – long
vovu – tall
zhamub – nearby

Adverbs

dauzha – very
go – like
govo – loudly
guo – more
mobag – now
mubzhad – previously
ngago – still
ngavu – strongly, tightly
nozha – not

Sample Text

This is taken from an interview I had with a Homo Erectus named Nomnomguo (“one who eats a lot”).

vo bumo-vadan gohazhu vum zham dog. navgo Nomnomguo. nomnogda Nomnomguo. ba Nomnomguo buda zhou sua bauo zhou homu. goug Nomnomguo. vo vodom buvu dauzha. navgo dauzha Nomnomguo. nomnogda ngago Nomnomguo.

is snow-melt 4-hand-and-3 day in past. awake Eat-much. hungers Eat-much. go-to Eat-much stream of side other of camp. drink Eat-much. is water cold very. awake very Eat-much. hungers still Eat-much.

23 days after the snow melted, Much-eater woke up and was hungry. He walked over to the stream on the other side of the camp and drank. The water was very cold. Now he was very awake. And still hungry.

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